Global Temperature - Not so anomalous now
Historical data provide a baseline for judging how anomalous recent temperature changes are and for assessing the degree to which organisms are likely to be adversely affected by current or future warming. Climate histories are commonly reconstructed from a variety of sources, including ice cores, tree rings, and sediment. Tree-ring data, being the most abundant for recent centuries, tend to dominate reconstructions. There are reasons to believe that tree ring data may not properly capture long-term climate changes..... In this study, eighteen 2000-year-long series were obtained that were not based on tree ring data. Loehle (2007) obtained data for long series that had been previously calibrated and converted to temperature by their respective authors. Essentially no tree ring data were used. After an extensive search, all data were used that had at least 20 dates over the 2000-year period.....
The Medieval Warming Period (MWP) was significantly warmer than the bimillennial average during most of the period 820 - 1040 AD. The Little Ice Age was significantly cooler than the average during most of 1440 - 1740 AD. The warmest tridecade of the MWP was warmer than the most recent tridecade, but not significantly so.
More discussion here
See below for the global distribution of the proxies included in the study.