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French Colonialism in Haiti

Commentators have being saying that the condition Haiti is in is a shameful condemnation of the USA - how could it allow its near neighbour to wallow in corruption and poverty etc? Though when the US has intervened it has had little thanks. From nowhere has the condemnation of the USA "invasion" of Haiti been stronger than from the Francophile euroweenies. This article is a refreshing reminder of the real appalling history of Haiti:

The fault line in Haiti runs straight to France | Ben Macintyre - Times Online

In the 18th century, Haiti was France’s imperial jewel, the Pearl of the Caribbean, the largest sugar exporter in the world. Even by colonial standards, the treatment of slaves working the Haitian plantations was truly vile. They died so fast that, at times, France was importing 50,000 slaves a year to keep up the numbers and the profits.
Inspired by the principles of the French Revolution, in 1791 the slaves rebelled under the leadership of the self-educated slave Toussaint L’Ouverture. After a vicious war, Napoleon’s forces were defeated. Haiti declared independence in 1804.
As Haiti struggles with new misfortune, it is worth remembering that noble achievement — this is the only nation to gain independence by a slave-led rebellion, the first black republic, and the second oldest republic in the western hemisphere. Haiti was founded on a demand for liberty from people whose liberty had been stolen: the country itself is a tribute to human resilience and freedom.
France did not forgive the impertinence and loss of earnings: 800 destroyed sugar plantations, 3,000 lost coffee estates. A brutal trade blockade was imposed. Former plantation owners demanded that Haiti be invaded, its population enslaved once more. Instead, the French State opted to bleed the new black republic white.
In 1825, in return for recognising Haitian independence, France demanded indemnity on a staggering scale: 150 million gold francs, five times the country’s annual export revenue. The Royal Ordinance was backed up by 12 French warships with 150 cannon.
The terms were non-negotiable. The fledgeling nation acceded, since it had little choice. Haiti must pay for its freedom, and pay it did, through the nose, for the next 122 years.
Historical accountancy is an inexact business, but the scale of French usury was astonishing. Even when the total indemnity was reduced to 90 million francs, Haiti remained crippled by debt. The country took out loans from US, German and French banks at extortionate rates. To put the cost into perspective, in 1803 France agreed to sell the Louisiana Territory, an area 74 times the size of Haiti, to the US, for 60 million francs.
Weighed down by this financial burden, Haiti was born almost bankrupt. In 1900 some 80 per cent of the national budget was still being swallowed up by debt repayments. Money that might have been spent on building a stable economy went to foreign bankers.
The debt was not finally paid off until 1947.

Haiti does not need more words, conferences or commissions of reflection. It needs money, urgently. So far, official donations from France are less than half of those from Britain.
The legacy of colonialism worldwide is a bitter one, but in few countries is there a more direct link between the sins of the past and the horrors of the present. Merely a French acknowledgement that the unfolding catastrophe is partly the consequence of history, and not merely blind fate, would go some way to salving Haiti’s wounds.
France does not pay for its history. But imagine what the reaction might be if, the next time you receive an outrageous bill in a French restaurant, you declare that payment is non-pertinent, set up a commission of reflection and walk out.

Comments

Strikes me, it's about time the French were ordered to pay reparations to Haiti, to atone for their plundering and extortion.

In response to some phuquewhit commenting in the Telegraph that the US owed Haiti 20 billion, I responded that his maths was correct ($90million at 3% for 185 years) but his history and geography were way below par.

If I were His Excellency the Ambassador of the Republic of Haiti I'd be sending an invoice for E14.93 billion to the Quai d'Orsay toot sweet.

Well I would except for one thing: There's every chance les Crappauds would agree to pay the money and then find a way to half inch it from British wallets.

It never ceases to amaze me about mans inhumanity towards man. Haiti was the first successful slave uprising. The death tole during slave times was unimmanagble. Yet France because it lost it's hold on the most successful slave forced money making crop at that time, used force to make an already poor country pay staggering amounts of money to remain a free country. The US also did it's share of dirty deeds there as well by making haiti lift it's tarriffs on rice so it could undermine the country of it's only self sustaining crop at that time. Also backing warlords to have uprisings so the government leaders were forced out of power and put into exile. Of course these were the leaders that were doing good for the people of haiti. When is Haiti going to stop paying for the first successful slave uprising? Now it is time for everyone to make reparations to this country they help to destroy.

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