Green Religion Problem
You think you're discussing technologies, and you quickly discover that you're discussing belief systems. The battle among environmentalists over how or whether our future energy is supplied is a cipher for something much bigger: who we are, who we want to be, how we want society to evolve.
Accommodation makes sense only if the economy is reaching a steady state. But the clearer the vision becomes, the further away it seems. A steady state economy will be politically possible only if we can be persuaded to stop grabbing. This in turn will be feasible only if we feel more secure. But the global race to the bottom and its destruction of pensions, welfare, public services and stable employment make people less secure, encouraging us to grasp as much for ourselves as we can.
An honest environmentalism needs to explain which products should continue to be manufactured and which should not, and what the energy sources for these manufactures should be...
All of us in the environment movement, in other words – whether we propose accommodation, radical downsizing or collapse – are lost. None of us yet has a convincing account of how humanity can get out of this mess.
Maybe in your religion you are asking the wrong questions. Economic growth gives a cleaner safer planet with more happy campers. Carry on growing and the number of happy campers will decrease as people breed less and technology will fix the problem of clean energy at an economic price. Problem solved. But if you worship at the Church of Monbiot the problem isn't how do we get cleaner and happier it is how do we get fewer people and how do we get them to accept less. How do we collapse the system? And as he says:
"History shows us that wherever large-scale collapse has occurred, psychopaths take over."